Southern California Safety Institute (SCSI)

Aircraft Accident Investigation (AAI)

In this course you will become familiar with the regulatory requirements for investigating and reporting of ICAO Annex 13. Once you understand the reporting requirements you will learn about how to comply with the responsibilities to preserve evidence and conduct the investigation. You will learn how to set up an investigative team that will collect and preserve evidence. You will learn what evidence to preserve and how to preserve it. You will also learn about the hazards at an accident site and how to protect yourself. Bloodborne Pathogen training and certification will be provided.

You will learn the process of investigation from initial actions and how to investigate each area of specialty: systems, structures, engines, human factors and operations. You will be introduced to the areas of aircraft performance and structures that contribute to aircraft accidents and how they can be identified. You will also learn about specialized areas of investigation such as fire, midair collision, and in-flight explosion. You will learn how the use of recording devices and simulation have enhanced and improved the process of finding accident causes. Crash lab exercises are not merely “show-and-tell”. They are administered to mirror an actual investigation in order to challenge and prepare our students for “the real deal”.


This is a hands-on course. You will learn by doing: by looking at accident evidence, determining causes, developing findings, and, finally, actually putting together an accident report. You will also review several actual accident reports from various countries. You will learn the strengths and weaknesses of each sample report and thereby be better able to produce a quality report when you participate as part of an investigation board. When you complete this course, you will have the knowledge necessary to actively participate in an aircraft accident investigation and to conduct internal investigations of events for your organizations.

Next date: 13. 7. - 24. 7. 2020

Fire and Explosion Investigation (FEI)

Fire can either be a cause of an aircraft accident or result from it. Fires occur in engines, engine bays, cabins, cargo holds, wheel wells and fuel tanks. Despite the fact that in-flight fire events are relatively rare, post-impact fires are not. Even when there is no evidence of an in-flight fire or reason to suspect one, the post impact fire can destroy evidence related to aircraft systems and structure. For this reason, some knowledge of how materials behave in the presence of fire is useful to the aircraft accident investigator. In addition, one of the areas an investigator must evaluate is the Fire Response and Survivability aspects of the accident. This requires familiarity with aircraft fire response procedures and capability. This course will provide this knowledge.

This course is designed to introduce the aircraft accident investigator to the fundamentals of fire investigation. The course begins with basic fire science concepts and how fires propagate. There will be a discussion of the behavior of aircraft fluids and materials in the presence of fire to include recognition of the differences between inflight and post-impact fire evidence. There will also be a discussion of basic fire investigation techniques; area and point of origin determination. The course concludes with an introduction to identifying and investigating explosions. This portion of the course will include discussion on bombings/terrorism evidence, typical causes and investigation procedures.

Next date: 3. 8. - 7. 8. 2020

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)

SCSI offers an industry leading introduction to the world of Beyond Visual Line of Sight unmanned aircraft operations. Built on over 15 years of unmanned aviation experience, our course, developed in association with the International School of Unmanned & Remotely Piloted Aviation (ISURPA), will teach you about the requirements of BVLoS flying.

Using a classroom format of lectures, group exercises and case studies, the 4 1/2 day course provides an excellent introduction to the world of Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) and Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS).

You will learn about the history of unmanned aircraft and examine a range of current systems designed for BVLoS flight. Individual lesson topics will vary between Ground Station interface design to GNSS limitations and from autopilot technology to safety management. Lessons also include the development of a SORA (Specific Operations Risk Assessment) and unmanned aircraft accident investigation. Students are introduced to the opportunities and the constraints imposed by unmanned operations, and by considering automation and autonomy, to the challenges posed to users and regulators alike. 

Next date: 10. 8. - 14. 8. 2020

Human Factors in Aircraft Accident Investigation (HFAI)

Human error is implicated in most, if not all, aviation accidents. Accident investigators, therefore, need information, tools, and procedures to discover the role human error played in an accident/incident. This course teaches the required material for investigators (a) to identify the human error issues involved in an accident wherever they occurred (e.g., in the cockpit, ATC, management, maintenance, etc.), and (b) to know when and how to call on the required Human Factors experts for further analysis to present valid and reliable metrics to this discipline.

Although human error has been implicated in 70 to 80% of all civil and military aviation accidents, most accident reporting systems are not designed around any theoretical framework of human error. As a result, most accident databases are not conducive to a traditional human error analysis, making the identification of intervention strategies onerous. What is required is a general human error framework around which new investigative methods can be designed and existing accident databases restructured. Indeed, a comprehensive human factors analysis and classification system (HFACS) has recently been developed to meet those needs. Specifically, the HFACS framework has been used within the military, commercial, and general aviation sectors to systematically examine underlying human causal factors and to improve aviation accident investigations. This course provides the most effective and proper way to utilize the HFACS taxonomy from and HFACS Certified Professional.

Building on the material presented, the course will then provide an integrated discussion summarizing from an investigator's perspective current understanding about causes of human errors and what mechanisms should be used for their reduction. The course concludes by providing the accident investigator with a systematic framework and process to identify human error issues involved in an accident as well as the factors which may have led to those error.

Next date: 27. 7. - 31. 7. 2020